A member of Putnam’s sustainable investing team describes her motivations for spreading ESG fluency throughout the firm to enhance fundamental insights.
With the ongoing European debt crisis, a slowdown in China’s economic growth, and concerns about a so-called “fiscal cliff” at the end of 2012 for the United States, market volatility jumped in the second quarter compared with the first. The Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index (VIX), also known as the “fear gauge,” only recently
The unusual combination of challenges currently facing financial markets prompts investors to search for historic parallels. We find that today’s monetary and fiscal landscape looks a lot like that of Europe and the United Kingdom in the late 19th century. At that time, Europe had no effective monetary or fiscal policy with which it might