Traditional target-date funds are likely to dominate flows
Traditional target-date funds remain as the qualified default investment alternative (QDIA) of choice for most retirement plans, but newer features of managed accounts (MAs) and advisor managed accounts (AMAs) are bringing innovations to the industry.
Target-date Funds’ 401(k) market share
Percentage of total 401(k) market, year-end
Source: Tabulations from EBRI/ICI Participant-Directed Retirement Plan Data Collection Project. Most recent data available.
Personalization and managed accounts have become increasingly important in defined contribution retirement plans, as they allow employees to tailor their retirement savings to their individual needs and goals. Savers are asking, if I can have personalized Netflix, Uber, and Amazon (just to name a few) experiences, why can’t I have a personalized or dynamic QDIA for my retirement plan?
Since the Pension Protection Act of 2006, target-date funds have been the dominant vehicle for QDIA flows, with the majority of plan sponsors opting for these strategies in lieu of MAs or AMAs. Today, however, advances in technology have created a new question: How can QDIA 2.0, a combination of managed accounts, advisor managed accounts, and TDF personalization, build on the base of this success?
QDIA 2.0 is emerging as data collection improves
Now that personal data about savers can be gathered via recordkeepers or third-party intermediaries, advisors and plan participants are showing an appetite for customized retirement planning.
For years, allocation decisions have been based on the single factor of participant age. The ability to supplement age with contribution rate, company match information, and participant balance, makes it possible to construct a more-informed target-date fund.
These personalized TDFs may help both engaged and disengaged savers achieve better outcomes than a traditional TDF. Better outcomes is defined as sufficient savings to meaningfully replace income while lowering variability of outcomes. Having more data raises the probability of achieving better outcomes.
Additional data will be used to determine differences in the financial situation of savers who are in the same target-date vintage based on age. As differences are determined, adjustments to the accounts of savers within the vintage may be made. As a result, a single vintage may have as many as five variations to meet the various needs of the savers within the vintage.
Managed accounts and advisor managed accounts have the potential to have more than five variations per age group. Generally MAs and AMAs are built from a plan’s core menu. Using more data inputs and many or all of the investments in a plan’s core menu, are ways that MAs and AMAs are different from personalized target-date funds.
While an improvement on the traditional TDF, personalized target-dates stop short of all the benefits delivered by managed accounts or advisor managed accounts. The additional inputs utilized and engagement provided by MAs and AMAs may be well suited for more sophisticated financial planning situations.
In conclusion, personalization and managed accounts may play a useful role in 401k plans by equipping employees to align their investments with their overall financial circumstances. In fact, the two could even play a complementary role, with personalized target-dates introducing customization early and paving the way for managed account adoption as the employee approaches retirement. Employers and employees may want to consider the benefits of personalization and managed accounts when choosing and administering a 401k plan.
Personalized TDFs and MA/AMAs come with increased cost and added services. As these costs are analyzed, the availability of multi-factor versus single-factor allocation decision making, may hold much promise in improving investor outcomes.
We can help
Since MAs and AMAs are model portfolio based, optimization of the model being used can contribute to participant success. Visit our Portfolio Solutions Group page to see how we can help you look inside retirement portfolios for potential unexpected risks. Our services are available for TDF or managed account analysis. Our DCIO Team would like to discuss your views on QDIA 2.0 and personalization.
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