- We aim to employ a holistic research approach that is greater than the sum of its parts.
- Our discussions with company management are supplemented by deeper topical conversations with corporate sustainability leaders.
- Our approach is enhanced by discussions with other researchers and investors, industry and subject experts, and non-profit organizations.
The greatest priority for our sustainable investing team is to extend Putnam’s long-standing strength in fundamental research to produce deeper insights in context specific, forward-looking ESG, sustainability, and impact analysis. Importantly, we are part of the core equity team, not separate from it.
We are investors first and foremost, and an integrated part of Putnam’s investment group. We include the entire research department and our fellow portfolio managers as colleagues and collaborators. The form of this integration can be difficult to convey, as we are not simply adding thoughtful sustainability work to Putnam’s core fundamental research. Rather, we are combining the two elements throughout the investment process. In doing so, we aim to employ a holistic approach that is greater than the sum of its parts. Here we offer some additional detail from a week of our team’s meetings, in December 2019, as a way to bring these processes more vividly to life.
We include the entire research department and our fellow portfolio managers as colleagues and collaborators.
Meetings with company management teams
These meetings are typically with CEOs, CFOs, and investor relations representatives, and usually involve our fellow portfolio managers and analysts from Putnam’s core equity research team. In addition to assessing traditional business fundamentals, we aim to discuss key sustainability issues as part of or regular investment discussions, supplemented by deeper topical conversations with corporate sustainability leaders.
An example of a week of company meetings on sustainability topics (December 2019)
|Financial||Improvement of next-gen access and strategy for student loan management products|
|Medical technology (two companies)||Patient benefits of new product innovations|
|Transportation||Efforts to ensure passenger and driver safety|
|Retail||Product mix and consumer trends|
|Investment||Capital deployment strategy and sustainability focus with investee companies|
|Waste management||Increased demand for recycling and environmental improvements in the fleet of equipment|
|Hotel||Environmental programs and focus on employee safety|
|Industrial||Efficiency and environmental benefits of product platforms|
|Materials||Zero-carbon production process and challenges in raw materials mining|
Independent research work
In addition to our conversations with company management teams, we perform a wide range of independent research, including discussions with other researchers, industry and subject experts, non-profit organizations, and other types of investors.
Examples of a week of independent research events (December 2019)
|Due diligence on a medical benefits company||Verify positive client experience|
|Meeting with a service provider||Assess their approach to measuring impact|
|Meeting with a nonprofit||Learn about structural access to resources on women-led businesses|
|Discussions with an academic researcher||Review analysis of gender bias in investment management|
|Conversation with a philanthropic consultant||Learn more about their client interest in impact investing|
|Meeting with local impact investors||Analyze needs of local food enterprises|
|Discussion with sell-side researchers||Review of their ESG research along with traditional fundamental work|
Partnerships with Putnam and beyond
Our investment work also benefits from inputs from our colleagues and business partners — within Putnam and beyond.
Examples of a week of partner meetings (December 2019)
|Clients||Discuss our work and evolution in the broader sustainable investing field|
|Putnam’s ESG leadership committee and PRI committee||Set priorities for the coming year|
|Cross-company collaborative group||Review 2019 progress and discuss best practices for organizing ongoing ESG-related workflow|
Our investment process incorporates sector analysis, stock recommendations from the core research team, and insights from other portfolio managers. Activity that supports Putnam’s collaborative research process includes daily morning meetings, company management meetings, investment conference attendance, and company visits.
We aim to utilize ESG data within the relevant context of each company and industry, and to incorporate more qualitative research in areas where new issues are emerging or data is not yet standardized. Throughout the research process, our goal is to identify companies with excellent investment potential and excellent sustainability performance, which results in portfolios with meaningful active weights by industry and sector.
For a deeper look at sustainability research, read our 2020 Sustainability and impact report, or download the report below.